The best option is to use a massage table because it is specially designed to provide ease, complete with a face support that offers alignment of the spine. If you have no massage chair or table then you can go for alternatives such as a couch, bed, or a floor can be used for the massage. Though every option has its own limitations as there are height and comfort issues that might be faced if you choose any one of them.
Place a soft mat
There is no need of any mat if you are using a massage table, but if you are using something else like floor or any other table, then don’t forget to place a mat down for the comfort of the patient. The mat should be about 2 inches thick to give a complete comfort. Must take care of hygiene and spread a clean sheet to provide comfort and sanitation for the person. The room should be warm, but not hot. You can play a light music to relax the person and lights should be dim.
Pour massage oil in the palm
Don’t use the oil in large quantity. About one teaspoon of oil is enough, rubbing it with your hands and apply to the back of the patient.
Use gliding movements
After spreading the oil, use gliding movement with your hands along with strokes. Make use of your entire hand and start massaging from the lower back and move towards the upward direction. When you apply the pressure go from lower to upward direction as it is the direction of blood flow. Now make your hands down outside the back in a very light manner. When you bring down your hands, then here is no need to apply pressure just maintain a pressure free contact with your hands. Repeat the step three or five times, but you should consider the pressure from low to medium in order to warm up the back muscles. Neck area and shoulders are the vital parts to provide comfort to the patient so must consider those areas during the massage.
Use petrissage techniques
In it, shorter ad circular strokes are used with relatively more pressure. Palm, knuckles, and fingertips are used in this technique with a little-rounded motion. The movement should be the spine core, then go from corner to corner to the whole back within 2-5 minutes. A few electric back massager can also provide same level of massage like these ones here https://www.massagetut.com/best-back-massagers/ are good to start. If you are new in this field, then use only low to medium pressure and avoid applying higher pressure.
Apply percussive strokes
Percussive strokes are the collection of short and recurring contacts with the parts of the hand. Keep your wrist relaxed and use instant motion to perform percussive stroke. There is no need to apply much pressure.
Use muscle lifting technique
Just lock your fingers and seize out your thumb. Now apply pressure by lifting movement. Repeat the process 2-3 times.
Use a fanning technique
Use a fanning movement with the help of your hands by standing at the head of the table. This technique is applied by extending your thumbs and push lightly in a downward direction. This massage is only applied on the either side of the spine.